sintomas diabetesIn this article, we will explain the main early Diabetes Symptoms.

Diabetes Symptoms # 1: excess urine

The excess urine, known in medicine polyuria, is one of the early signs and diabetes symptoms. When there is a high concentration of glucose in the blood, usually above 180mg / dl, the body needs to find ways to eliminate this excess; the easiest way is by the kidneys through urine. Since we can not urinate pure sugar, kidney needs to dilute it with water to eliminate it. Therefore, the higher the glycemia (concentration of glucose in the blood), more urine reduce the patient.

If you want to know about all causes of excess urine, read: URINE IN EXCESS | What can it mean?

• Diabetes Symptoms # 2: Excessive thirst

If the diabetic patient excess urine, he will lose more water than was supposed, getting dehydrated. Thirst is the primary defense mechanism of the body against dehydration.

The diabetic patient who does not control your blood sugar, either by poor adherence to treatment or merely because they have not figured out you have diabetes, gets into a vicious cycle. The excess glucose increases the amount of water lost in the urine, making the patient urinate quite often. The loss of water causes dehydration, which in turn triggers an excessive thirst. The patient drinks a lot of water, but as glucose remains very high in the blood, it keeps peeing all the time.

• Diabetes Symptoms # 3: fatigue

Chronic fatigue is another common symptom of diabetes and occurs by two factors:

The. By dehydration: explained in the previous section.
B. The inability of cells to receive glucose: glucose is the primary energy source of cells; is the fuel of our body. About promotes blood glucose entry into cells is insulin, as in Type 1 diabetes is non-existent and type 2 diabetes does not work well. Therefore, the diabetes mellitus is mainly characterized by the inability to transport glucose into the cells, reducing the body’s energy production capacity.

• Diabetes Symptoms # 4: Weight Loss

Weight loss is a very common symptom of type 1 diabetes may also occur in type 2 diabetes but is not as frequent.

Insulin is the hormone responsible for also storing fat and the protein synthesis in the body. As in the type 1 diabetes, there is an absence of insulin, the patient to store fat and muscle to produce. Moreover, as there is no glucose to generate energy, the cells end up having to deliver it from the protein breakdown and body fat stores. Therefore, the body without insulin does not make muscle or fat and still need to consume existing reservations.

As in type 2 diabetes for circulating insulin, these effects are less evident. Also, in Type 2, insulin resistance will be settling slowly over years, unlike Type 1 diabetes, which stops the production of insulin relatively quickly. In fact, type 2 diabetes is associated with excess weight, which is the main cause of insulin resistance.

• Diabetes Symptoms # 5: Excessive hunger

Because the cells can not absorb glucose for energy, the body interprets this as if the patient was fasting. The body needs energy and the only way he knows to get it is through food.

One of diabetes weight loss characteristics is that although it occurs with food frequency patient. The problem is that the ingested glucose is not used and ends up being lost in the urine.

In type 1 diabetes there is initially increased hunger, but in more advanced stages the patient becomes anorectic, which further contributes to the loss of weight.

• Diabetes Symptoms # 6: blurred vision

A very common symptom of diabetes is blurred vision. The excess glucose in the blood causes swelling of the lens, the eye lens, changing its shape and flexibility, decreasing ability to focus, which becomes blurred vision. The view tends to get blurred when blood glucose is too high, returning to normal after controlling diabetes.

This change in the eyes has nothing to do with diabetic retinopathy, ophthalmologic complications that may arise after years of diabetes. This will be explained in the second part of this article.

• Diabetes Symptoms # 7: scarring

Excessive blood glucose, when running continuous mode, causes many disturbances in the functioning of the body. The difficulty in wound healing occurs by a decreased function of cells responsible for tissue repair, a reduction in cell proliferation and difficulty in generating new blood vessels.

• Diabetes Symptoms # 8: infections

As explained in the above topic, diabetes also leads to disturbances in the immune system by altering the functioning of the defense cells. The diabetic can be considered an immunosuppressed patient and a higher risk of developing infections, including urinary tract infection.

• Diabetes Symptoms # 9: diabetic ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis is a complication of type 1 diabetes, often the first sign of the disease. As there is no insulin, the cells do not receive glucose and need to find another source to generate power. As explained above, the solution is to burn fat and muscles. The problem is that these two alternative sources do not generate as much energy as glucose and still produce a huge amount of acids (called keto acids), which leads to ketoacidosis.

Diabetic ketoacidosis usually occurs when glucose levels in the blood exceed 500mg / dl and is a medical emergency because it causes the blood pH to fall to dangerous levels and can lead to death. The signs and symptoms of ketoacidosis are nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, confusion, exhaustion, and difficulty breathing.