A couple of years ago we told what the four plug-in hybrid cars were sold in Spain. At this time pretty much things have changed and has significantly increased the supply of plug-in hybrid vehicles, within a process, this time, seems unstoppable, electrification of the automobile (evolution of the traditional car internal combustion engine into a car driven by electricity).
If by then plug-in hybrid models had very few brands like Porsche, Volvo, Mitsubishi and Toyota. Today also that some of these offers more models, also must be added to other manufacturers such as Audi, BMW, Volkswagen, and Mercedes- Benz, to name some of the major, plus others not sold in Europe, but in the United States or Japan (Ford, General Motors, Honda). Suffice as an example the leap made by one of them: BMW in two years has gone from zero to five plug-in hybrid models. Now, what sense have plug-in hybrids?
Hybrid and plug-in hybrid are not the same
If you remember when we explain carefully on another occasion, the fundamental meaning of a hybrid car is to reduce consumption. Very brief and simplified way, keep in mind that a hybrid car is a vehicle in which combine two or more different type fed engine power and both are involved in the movement of the wheels.
Although there are different types of hybrid cars, hybrid usually when we talk we refer to a hybrid electric car, which together in the same car internal combustion engine, i.e., petrol or diesel, with a more efficient electric motor. In a hybrid car electricity for the electric motor, it is obtained during operation, in what is called regenerative braking.
Among other strategies, but mainly because of this, a hybrid car gets wasted less energy and reduce consumption by 30 to 35% compared to a similar conventional car. Some might argue that their goal is to get more power with a combustion engine smaller and less powerful. In the background is the same, then use a smaller, less powerful engine involves looking for lower fuel consumption, and would lack power with which brings the added electric motor is compensated.
The substantial difference between a hybrid car and a plug-in hybrid is, as the name itself. Which the former never plugged in, and the second itself can be plugged into an electrical outlet to recharge the battery from the electrical system, and not rely on only regenerative braking to have energy that moves in electric mode.
Hybrid plug: reduce consumption and emissions, even more
What then is the fundamental meaning of a plug-in hybrid car? For further reduce fuel consumption and emissions of the car on a conventional car and a non-plug-in hybrid car, at least theoretically.
The gradually increasingly restrictive anti-pollution standards in transport, to improve air quality in cities, such as the Euro 6 standard. The attempt to reduce or at least contain, emissions of carbon dioxide from the productive sectors and activities, and particularly the transport sector, and the pursuit of improvement in energy efficiency in a world increasingly crowded impose progressively reducing consumption and all emissions, with limits gradually lower, to be met by manufacturers.
A plug-in hybrid car can reduce consumption, and thus also emissions, about 65 to 75% compared to a conventional car like. Thus we can find gasoline plug-in hybrid cars that promise combined consumption of between 1.5 and 2 liters per hundred when a classic car could be between 5.5 and 7.0 l / 100 km.